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Kindergarten Readiness Assessment


According to the Build Initiative, a kindergarten entry assessment process is an organized way to learn what children entering kindergarten know and are able to do, including their disposition toward learning. In Ohio, starting with the 2014-15 school year, a new Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA) replaced the previously used KRA-L (Kindergarten Readiness Assessment - Literacy).

The Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge includes a requirement that participating states develop a kindergarten entry assessment. Ohio partnered with Maryland to develop a comprehensive assessment that includes more domains of school readiness: social foundations; physical well-being and motor development; language and literacy; mathematics; science; social studies; and the arts. The arts aspect will be voluntary in Ohio; since this area is not covered in Ohio's new Early Learning and Development Standards.

All kindergarten children take the KRA during the first weeks of the school year. Students do not experience the KRA as a test. Instead, the assessment is a combination of teacher observations of everyday activities and students' answers to questions. The results of the KRA provide a starting point for each child, and do not prevent any child from entering kindergarten.

Also starting with the 2014-15 school year, the language and literacy portion of the new KRA meets the reading diagnostic assessment requirement of the Third Grade Reading Guarantee. To meet this diagnostic requirement, teachers must complete at least the Language and Literacy portion of the KRA no later than September 30. Learn more about the Third Grade Reading Guarantee, and how public libraries can support students, parents, and educators, on the Ohio Public Libraries and Student Learning resource provided by ORTR.

Extensive information and additional resources about the new KRA, including an overview for families and an FAQ for parents and caregivers, may be found on the Ohio Department of Education website. Librarians may also want to share the preschool and kindergarten parent/caregiver tipsheets provided by Reading 'Round the Clock, a partnership of the Ohio Educational Library Media Association, INFOhio, Ohio PTA, and State Library of Ohio.

Additionally, a preview of Ohio's New KRA was provided at the 2013 Ohio Education Conference. See also the Early Learning Challenge Collaborative website and the BUILD Initiative website for more information.